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History of Rock Hill, SC

The old Bleachery revitalized as a university center in Rock Hill, SC

History of Rock Hill, SC

Rock Hill is one of the most progressive cities in South Carolina. From a population of 300 in the 1800s, it is now the home of 117, 375 residents and continues to attract more migrants yearly. As one of the leading healthcare providers in town, Metrolina Medical Associates is proud to be part of a thriving community that continues to set the bar among other cities. 

We love our wonderful patients in town, and our team of medical professionals has built great relationships with them throughout the years. As we continue to provide medical and aesthetic services in Rock Hill, we would like to share the rich history of the city and how its residents became a big part of its progress.

How the town started with the name Rock Hill

Back in the day, towns were named based on what was remarkable in the area, and Rock Hill is no different. The city started as a train depot and a watering station in 1852.

The Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad Company decided to build rail tracks for the Charlotte/Columbia/Augusta railroad line along the Ebenezerville. However, the Ebenezer residents complained about the noise and smoke from the trains, so the company relocated the tracks. 

The first three landowners in Rock Hill agreed to have the rail tracks on their land as they saw it as an advantage. During the construction, workers initially marked the area as Rocky Hill due to the flinty hill in the area. Since then, the small village was called Rock Hill

When the village gained its post office months after the railroad construction, the town started, and more settlers and local investors came in. Despite the growing community, the incorporation of the village was rejected thrice due to various counter petitions among its early residents.

On February 26, 1870, Rock Hill became an official village with 57 signatures from petitioners over 7 seven counter petitioners. When the cotton industry started in 1890, its village status became an official city by December 24, 1892.   

Old industrial sites in Rock Hill, SC

The industrial past of Rock Hill before it became a Football City

The train depot that has drawn more settlers in the village also attracted industrial businesses in Rock Hill. Despite the budding cotton industry, the economy was deeply hit by the American Civil War in the 1860s. The railroad became the transfer point of the soldiers, and the cotton laborers took care of the wounded soldiers. 

After the war, the soldiers who survived started businesses in the village and became residents of the community. In 1870, James Morrow Ivy pioneered the cotton mill industry and boosted the economy of Rock Hill. With six cotton mills and a booming cotton industry, the village became a city.  

The cotton business in Rock Hill expanded to the textile industry and eventually embraced new types of industries like automobiles, acetate yarns, bleachery, and paper mills. During the 1970s, various revitalization programs took place in downtown Rock Hill and attracted more businesses and investors to the city. 

The annexation of new communities to the city increased its economy, and hosting the UCI BMX World Championships in 2017 has brought about $19.2 million worth of investments. The city is also the breeding ground of the finest football players in the US and known as a Football City.

Rock Hill SC as an All American City

The city of Rock Hill today

Rock Hill today is awarded as an All American City by the National Civic League. The city continues to boost its sports programs and recently built The Rock Hill Sports & Event Center. The active participation of the residents in all the community programs is also one of the reasons why the city is progressive.

The business parks in Rock Hill are also the manufacturing hub of the leading industrial companies in the US. From healthcare providers and top universities to tech firms and industrial companies, the city is becoming a central business hub between North and South Carolina. 

The love of the citizens for their city is the crown jewel of the town that continues to change the future of Rock Hill.

Enjoy the vibrant city of Rock Hill SC

Aside from the booming sports scene in the city, there are still a lot of hidden gems that you can discover in Rock Hill. Natural parks like Glencairn gardens are around the city and accessible to anyone who visits the town. 

If you are up for some outdoor activities, you can spend the day kayaking in the Catawba River with your friends. There are a lot of other fun activities that you can do in Rock Hill. So, make the most out of the fall season and add this beautiful city to your list. 

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Raj Kedar

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