Diabetes mellitus (also called type 2 diabetes) is a disorder characterized by abnormally high blood sugar (or glucose) levels. The body does not produce enough insulin to meet its needs, which leads to increased glucose in the blood.
Over time, people with type 2 diabetes may experience complications related to their conditions. Managing diabetes is essential to prevent additional health problems, including heart disease and nerve damage.
Interesting Facts About Diabetes
Although diabetes is an increasingly common disease, there are plenty of misconceptions about proper medical care and what leads to the development of type 2 diabetes. Our office compiled some interesting facts about diabetes that may be misunderstood by a large portion of the population.
- Thirst and urination increase after a diabetes diagnosis. In type 1 diabetes in particular, people may lose weight without intending to.
- Nerve damage and diminished sensation can occur in response to diabetes. High blood sugar levels can lead to a higher risk of developing nerve damage. This leads to decreases in sensation and may even lead to phantom pains, tingling, and numbness.
- Blood vessels are damaged by diabetes. Damaged blood vessels can result in high blood pressure and may lead to cardiovascular disease, heart attack, stroke, and even kidney failure.
- Diabetes is diagnosed when a primary care physician or specialist measures blood sugar levels. This is typically done in response to symptoms or during a yearly screening.
- People with diabetes need to follow a low-sugar, low-fat diet, exercise regularly, and take medication to manage their condition.
How Do You Get Diabetes?
Insulin is a hormone released from the pancreas. Insulin controls the amount of sugar found in the blood. After eating and drinking, the body releases insulin to manage levels of glucose. Although the body needs glucose to function, excessive levels can lead to complications and increase your risk of developing diabetes and other health conditions.
When food and liquids are consumed, they are broken down into small components. These components include glucose, which is absorbed into the bloodstream. Insulin release allows sugar to be removed from the bloodstream to cells in the body.
Within cells, glucose is converted to energy. This energy is either immediately used, or stored as fat or glycogen until the body needs energy.
Blood sugar levels vary widely throughout the day. Levels rise in response to a meal, then return to normal within 2 hours of eating. Once sugar levels reach their baseline level, insulin production ceases.
Blood sugar variation typically falls within the range of 70 to 110 milligrams per deciliter (or mg/dL) of blood. Carbohydrates can cause blood glucose levels to increase more dramatically. People who are 65 years and older may have higher levels of blood glucose, especially following a meal.
Without enough insulin to transport sugar from the blood to the cells, the high levels of blood sugar and inadequate cellular sugar come together to form the early signs of diabetes. Eventually, diabetes mellitus and its symptoms come to light.
Diabetes Treatment in Rock Hill, SC
If you are concerned that you are exhibiting symptoms of diabetes in Rock Hill, SC, or Charlotte, NC, our office can help! Whether you live in Rock Hill or Charlotte, schedule an appointment with our medical team today!